With support from Program Kompetisi Kampus Merdeka, Agrotechnology held a “Biotechnology Guest Lecture” Session 3. The topic of the guest lecture was “Genome Editing”, which the resource person presented: Dr. Tri Joko Santosa, S.P., M.Sc., Head of the Research Institute for Industrial and Refreshing Crops (BALITTRI). Dr. Tri Joko Santosa, S.P., M.Sc. is a researcher in the field of Agricultural Biotechnology research. The BALITTRI work unit, under the Center for Plantation Research and Development, has the main task of researching industrial plants and refreshments. Plants included in BALITTRI’s fields include rubber, cocoa, vegetable candlenut, coffee, kola, iles-iles, tea, tamarine, macadamia, melinjo, jatropha, sunan candlenut, and research on biofuels.
The guest lecture was held on Wednesday, September 15, 2021, at 09.00 WIB by online Zoom. The guest lecture began with remarks by the Vice Chancellor for Academic Affairs UNS, Prof. Dr. Ir. Ahmad Yunus, M.S. and the Dean of the Faculty of Agriculture UNS, Prof. Dr. Ir. Samanhudi, S.P., M.Sc., IPM, ASEAN Eng. The guest lecture was guided by moderator Andriyana Setyawati, S.P., M.P., Ph.D. Also present was the Head of the UNS Agrotechnology Study Program, Dr. Ir. Parjanto, M.P., Chairperson in Charge of PKKM, Prof. Dr. Ir. Endang Yuniastuti, M.Sc., Head of PIC Dr. Ir. Amalia Tetrani Sakya, M.P., M.Phil., and lecturers and students of the UNS Agrotechnology Study Program. Participants came from various institutions such as Universitas Sebelas Maret, Universitas Merdeka Madiun, Universitas Pembangunan “Veteran” Jawa Timur, BBPPTP Surabaya and Universitas Jember.
As presented by Dr. Tri Joko Santosa, S.P., M.Sc., the material on genome editing is a gene/genome modification technology where DNA sequences can be inserted, replaced, deleted, and transferred with precision with the help of enzymes that function as molecular scissors on specific/non-random targets. The stages of genome editing are designing the design (for 3-5 days), construction (for 1 week), genetic cargo, genome editing (for 2-10 weeks), callus regeneration (for 2-10 weeks) until the edited plants grow. The prospect of genome editing for the improvement of crops has great prospects because the advantages of this technique are simpler, more precise and relatively faster. CRISPR/Cas9 technology has a simple construction, is cheaper, has higher editing efficiency, and is capable of multi-site editing. In addition, CRISPR/Cas9 technology has been applied to improve the properties of many agricultural commodities.