ENHANCING INSECT PREDATOR BY USING FLOWERING PLANTS IN RICE FIELD
Oleh: Rizka Wahyuni, Retno Wijayanti, Supriyadi
Kategori : Journal of Agronomy Research
Volume : 2(5): 40-46
Rice is the special food for Indonesia people and other countries. System of rice cultivation by applying monoculture and using insectiside to control pest and plant diseases can disturb the balance of rice agroecosystem. Increase the diversity of flowering plants could be expected to keep the rice agroecosystem balance. This study aims was to determine the different kind of predators associated with flowering plants and study the associated between predator with flowering plants in organic farming and conventional rice cultivation. This study was conducted with the survey method. The observed variables are the kind of flowering plants, flowering phase, predator species, predator abundance and diversity of predators. The results showed that there were differences in the number and types of flowering plants and predators in the field of organic and conventional cultivation. Flowering plants most visited predators in organic and convensional land Alternanthera philoxeroides. Formicidae was dominant predator in the flowering plants in organic and convensional system.
Keywords: flowering plants, predators, rice pests