ENGARUH TINGKAT NAUNGAN DAN CEKAMAN AIR PADA PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL DARI JAHE (ZINGIBER OFFICINALE VAR. AMARUM)

PENGARUH TINGKAT NAUNGAN DAN CEKAMAN AIR PADA PERTUMBUHAN DAN HASIL DARI JAHE (ZINGIBER OFFICINALE VAR. AMARUM)

Oleh: Hans Kristian, Samanhudi, Sumiyati

Universitas Sebelas Maret

Contact Author: hans_kristianj@yahoo.co.id.com

ABSTRACT

Emprit ginger (Zingiber officinale var. Amarum) is the smallest type of ginger that has many benefits as medical plant. Ginger production has not been able to meet export demand due to intensive cultivation has not done even hampered the presence of environmental stress. This study was conducted to obtain the level of shade and water stress corresponding to ginger to produce optimum growth and yield. This study used a nested design consisting of two factors, namely treatment shade and water stress. Results were analyzed by analysis of variance and if there is a real difference continued DMRT 5% level. The results showed that the level of shade treatment effects on growth and yield emprit ginger. 25% shade treatment showed the highest result on the length of the roots of plant, plant stover dry weight, fresh weight of plant rhizomes, and rhizome dry weight. Whereas water stress treatment had no effect on growth and yield of emprit ginger. Keywords: emprit ginger, shade, water stress.