EFEKTIVITAS BERBAGAI JENIS MIKORIZA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BEBERAPA VARIETAS TOMAT PADA KONDISI KEKERINGAN

EFEKTIVITAS BERBAGAI JENIS MIKORIZA TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN BEBERAPA VARIETAS TOMAT PADA KONDISI KEKERINGAN

Oleh: Vety Veria Mediana Sejati, Amalia Tetrani Sakya, Muji Rahayu

Universitas Sebelas Maret

Contact Author: veriavety@gmail.com

ABSTRACT

Tomato fruitis the vegetable that contain a lot of benefits for health so that the cultivation of tomatoes sufficiently developed in Indonesia. But the threat of drought to be problem in tomato cultivation. One of the efforts to overcome drought problem is the addition of mycorrhizal. The purpose of the study to determine the effect of mycorrhiza on the growth of several varieties of tomatoes, effective types of mycorrhizae in the growth of tomato in drought conditions and varieties of tomatoes are effective symbiosis with some types of mycorrhizae. This research used CRD or Completely Randomized Designwith two treatment factors, types of mycorrhizal (without mycorrhizal, Glomus sp., Acaulospora sp.) and varieties of tomato (Lentana, Tyrana, Betavilla, Berlian and Opal). The results showed that the addition of the type of mycorrhizal increase levels of green leaf after watering. Application of Acaulospora sp. increases leaf area, whereas inoculation with Glomus sp. accelerates time flowers appear first. Five varieties capable of symbiosis with mycorrhizal given.

Keywords: tomatoes, types of mycorrhizal, varieties of tomato